Jean Girault Regie in Filmen
Jean Girault war ein französischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Jean Girault (* 9. Mai in Villenauxe-la-Grande; † Juli in Paris) war ein französischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Jean Girault. geboren am , gestorben am französischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Regie in Filmen. Entdecke alle Serien und Filme von Jean Girault. Von den Anfängen seiner 20 Karriere-Jahre bis zu geplanten Projekten. Ihre Suche nach "jean girault" ergab 35 Treffer. Sortieren nach: Bitte auswählen, Interpret A-Z, Interpret Z-A, Titel A-Z, Titel Z-A, Preis aufsteigend, Preis.
Poster of the movie 'Le gendarme de Saint Tropez' starring Michel Galabru and Louis de Funès and directed by Jean Girault in Size: x cm (47 x. Ihre Suche nach "jean girault" ergab 35 Treffer. Sortieren nach: Bitte auswählen, Interpret A-Z, Interpret Z-A, Titel A-Z, Titel Z-A, Preis aufsteigend, Preis. Entdecke alle Serien und Filme von Jean Girault. Von den Anfängen seiner 20 Karriere-Jahre bis zu geplanten Projekten.
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Oh no, there's been an error Please help us solve this error by emailing us at support wikiwand. At 18, Giraud was drawing his own humorous, Morris - inspired , Western comic two-page shorts, Frank et Jeremie , for the magazine Far West , his very first freelance commercial sales.
For example, two of the books Giraud illustrated for Fleurus, were co-illustrated with Guy Mouminoux , another name of some future renown in the Franco-Belgian comic world, and Giraud's work can only be identified, because he signed his work, whereas Mouminoux did not sign his.
While not ample, Giraud's earning at Fleurus were just enough to allow him — disenchanted as he was with the courses, prevalent atmosphere and academic discipline — to quit his art academy education after only two years, though he came to somewhat regret the decision in later life.
Conceding that he had been a bit too cocky and ambitious Giraud stated, "I started the story all by myself. But after a week I had only finished half a plate, and, aside from being soaked with my sweat, it was a complete disaster.
So Joseph went on to do the penciling, whereas I did the inks. Though he considered the assignment a daunting one, having to create in oil paints from historical objects and imagery, it was, besides being the best paying job he had ever had, a seminal appointment.
In the Pilote era, Giraud additionally provided art in gouache for two Western themed vinyl record music productions as sleeve art,  as well as the covers for the first seven outings in the French language edition of the Morgan Kane Western novel series written by Louis Masterson.
Aside from its professional importance, Giraud's stint at Hachette was also of personal importance, as he met Claudine Conin, an editorial researcher at Hachette, and who described her future husband as being at the time "funny, uncomplicated, friendly, a nice boy next-door", but on the other hand, "mysterious, dark, intellectual", already recognizing that he had all the makings of a "visionary", long before others did.
Besides raising their children, wife Claudine not only took care of the business aspects of her husband's art work, but has on occasion also contributed to it as colorist.
Additionally, the appearance of a later, major character in Giraud's Blueberry series, Chihuahua Pearl, was in part based on Claudine's looks.
The Lieutenant Blueberry character, whose facial features were based on those of the actor Jean-Paul Belmondo , was created in by Charlier scenario and Giraud drawings for Pilote.
His featured adventures, in what was later called the Blueberry series, may be Giraud's best known work in native France and the rest of Europe, before later collaborations with Alejandro Jodorowsky.
Giraud was so eager to return to the project during a stopover from the United States while the project was in hiatus, that he greatly accelerated the work on the "Angel Face" outing of Blueberry he was working on at the time, shearing off weeks from its originally intended completion.
It was Jodorowsky who introduced Giraud to the writings of Carlos Castaneda , who had written a series of books that describe his training in shamanism , particularly with a group whose lineage descended from the Toltecs.
The books, narrated in the first person, related his experiences under the tutelage of a Yaqui "Man of Knowledge" named Don Juan Matus.
Nonetheless, he never tried to hinder Giraud in the least, as he understood that an artist of Giraud's caliber needed a "mental shower" from time to time.
While Charlier was willing to overlook Giraud's "philandering" in his case only, he was otherwise of the firm conviction that artists, especially his own, should totally and wholeheartedly devote themselves to their craft, as Charlier had always considered the medium.
According to Giraud, Charlier's purported stance negatively influenced his son Philippe, causing their relationship to rapidly deteriorate into open animosity, after the death of his father.
Later that year however, the long-running disagreement Charlier and Giraud had with their publishing house Dargaud , the publisher of Pilote , over the residuals from Blueberry came to a head.
It would be nearly fifteen years before the Blueberry series returned to Dargaud after Charlier died. For further particulars, including the royalties conflict, see: Blueberry publication history.
When Charlier, Giraud's collaborator on Blueberry , died in , Giraud assumed responsibility for the scripting of the main series, the last outing of which, "Apaches", released in , became the last title Giraud created for the parent publisher.
A Blueberry album sells at least Though Giraud enjoyed the artistic freedom and atmosphere at the magazine greatly, he eventually gave up his work there as Blueberry , on which he had embarked in the meantime, demanded too much of his energy, aside from being a better paid job.
Magazine editor-in-chief Cavanna was loath to let Giraud go, not understanding why Giraud would want to waste his talents on a "kiddy comic".
Pursued through space and time by his own puritanical authorities, who frown upon the condition, and other parties, who have their own intentions with the hapless bandard , he eventually finds a safe haven on the asteroid Fleur of Madame Kowalsky, after several hilarious adventures.
Another novelty introduced in the book, is that the narrative is only related on the right-hand pages; the left-hand pages are taken up by one-page panels depicting an entirely unrelated cinematographic sequence of a man transforming after he has snapped his fingers.
The translated version was known in the English-speaking world as Heavy Metal , and started its release in April , actually introducing Giraud's work to North-American readership.
Unlike most science fiction comics, it is, save for the artfully executed story titles, entirely devoid of captions, speech balloons and written sound effects.
It has been argued that the wordlessness provides the strip with a sense of timelessness, setting up Arzach's journey as a quest for eternal, universal truths.
Lovecraft -inspired story and "Citadelle aveugle" "The White Castle", in issue 51, and oddly enough signed as "Gir" were examples of additional stories Giraud created directly in color, shortly after "Arzach".
His series The Airtight Garage , starting its magazine run in issue 6, , is particularly notable for its non-linear plot, where movement and temporality can be traced in multiple directions depending on the readers' own interpretation even within a single planche page or picture.
The dark, disturbing and surreal tale dealt with a blind boy in a non-descript empty cityscape, who has his pet eagle scout for eyes, which it finds by taking these from a street cat and offering them to his awaiting companion who, while grateful, expresses his preference for the eyes of a child.
Deeming the story too short for a regular, traditional comic, it was Giraud who suggested the story to be told on the format he had already introduced in "Le bandard fou", to wit, as single panel pages.
On recommendation of Jodorowsky, he refined the format by relating the eagle's quest on the right-hand pages, while depicting the awaiting boy in smaller single panel left-hand pages from a contra point-of-view.
Giraud furthermore greatly increased his already high level of detail by making extensive use of zipatone for the first time. In the magazine's issue 58 of Giraud started his famous L'Incal series in his third collaboration with Jodorowsky.
He had left Pilote to escape the pressure and stifling conditions he was forced to work under, seeking complete creative freedom, but now it was increasingly becoming "as stifling as it had been before with Blueberry ", as he conceded in , adding philosophically, "The more you free yourself, the more powerless you become!
Then I will quit comics! Fortunately for his fans, Giraud did not act upon his impulse as history has shown, though he did take action to escape the hectic Parisian comic scene in by moving himself and his family as far away from Paris as possible in France, by relocating to the small city of Pau at the foothills of the Pyrenees.
Another member of the commune was Paula Salomon, for whom Giraud had already illustrated her book "La parapsychologie et vous".
There were thousands of professionals who knew my work. That has always amazed me every time I entered some graphics, or animation studio, at Marvel or even at George Lucas '.
Mentioning the name Jean Giraud did not cause any of the present pencillers, colorists or storyboard artists to even bat an eye.
It was incredible! According to Giraud, this was his first time working under the Marvel method instead of from a full script, and he has admitted to being baffled by the fact that he already had a complete story synopsis on his desk only two days after he had met Stan Lee for the first time, having discussed what Giraud had assumed was a mere proposition over lunch.
An amused Giraud quipped, "It's better than a big stature, because in a way, I can not dream of anything better to be immortal [than] being in a movie about submarines!
As a result, from his cooperation with Marvel, Giraud delved deeper into the American superhero mythology and created superhero art stemming from both Marvel and DC Comics , which were sold as art prints, posters or included in calendars.
Another project Giraud embarked upon in his "American period", was for a venture into that other staple of American pop culture, trading cards.
None of the images were lifted from already existing work, but were especially created by Giraud the year previously. Although Giraud had taken up residence in California for five years — holding a temporary residence the O-1 "Extraordinary Ability" category,  including the "International Artist" status  visa — he maintained a transient lifestyle, as his work had him frequently travel to Belgium and native France maintaining a home in Paris , as well as to Japan, for extended periods of time.
His stay in the United States was an inspiration for his aptly called Made in L. Giraud's extended stay in the US, garnered him a Inkpot Award , an additional Eisner Award, as well as three Harvey Awards in the period — for the various graphic novel releases by Marvel.
It was in this period that Giraud, who had already picked up Spanish as a second language as a result from his various trips to Mexico and his dealings with Jodorowsky and his retinue, also picked up sufficient language skills to communicate in English.
In late summer , Giraud returned to France, definitively as it turned out, though that was initially not his intent. His family had already returned to France earlier, as his children wanted to start their college education in their native county and wife Claudine had accompanied them to set up home in Paris.
However, it also turned out that his transient lifestyle had taken its toll on the marriage, causing the couple to drift apart, and it was decided upon his return to enter into a " living apart together " relationship, which allowed for an "enormous freedom and sincerity" without "demands and frustrations" for both spouses, according to the artist.
Giraud's marriage with Claudine was legally ended in December , without much drama according to Giraud, as both spouses had realized that "each wanted something different out of life".
Giraud and Isabelle were married on 13 May , and the union resulted in their second child, daughter Nausicaa, the same year.
The changes in his personal life were also accompanied with changes in his business holdings during — The American subsidiary Starwatcher Graphics followed in its wake,  partly because it was a shared marital possession of the original Giraud couple and partly because the publication efforts of his work in the United States had run its course.
Together with Claudine he founded Stardom in , his first true family operated business without any outside participation, according to Giraud,  with the to copies limited mini art portfolio "Mockba - carnet de bord" becoming the company's first recorded publication in September the same year.
In , the company was renamed Moebius Production — singular, despite the occasional and erroneous use of the plural, even by the company itself.
Despite repeated pleas to convince Giraud otherwise, it left writer Jodorowsky with no other recourse than to start anew with a new artist.
Both parts were published on the same date 13 November  and were the last ones written by Van Hamme before Yves Sentes took over the series.
Late in life, Giraud also decided to revive his seminal Arzak character in an elaborate new adventure series; the first and last in hindsight volume of a planned trilogy, Arzak l'arpenteur , appeared in By this time, Giraud created his comic art on a specialized graphic computer tablet, as its enlargement features had become an indispensable aid, because of his failing eyesight.
As book illustrator, Giraud illustrated for example the first edition of the science fiction novel Project Pendulum by Robert Silverberg ,  and the French edition  of the novel The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho.
He also wrote the "Story Notes" editorials for the American Epic publications, providing background information on his work contained therein.
In , he took time off to write his autobiography, Moebius-Giraud: Histoire de mon double. Tron was not a big hit. The movie went out in theaters in the same week as E.
There was also Blade Runner and Star Trek that summer so it was a battle of giants. Tron was a piece of energy trying to survive.
It is still alive. It survives. And the new movie is what Steven wanted to do back then but at that time CG was very odd and we were pioneers.
I almost did the first computer-animated feature after that, it was called Star Watcher, we had the story, we had the preparation done, we were ready to start.
But it came apart; the company did not give us the approval. It was too far, the concept to do everything in computer animation. We were waiting, waiting, and then our producer died in a car accident.
Everything collapsed. That was my third contribution to animation and my worst experience. When I saw the film for the first time I was ashamed.
It's not a Disney movie, definitely. But because the movie has, maybe a flavor, a charm, it is still alive after all that time.
More than 35 years now and it is still here. Alas, rather disappointingly, we had to stop after only 45 seconds!
Giraud, a non-English speaker at the time, later admitted that the prospect of moving over to Los Angeles filled him with trepidation, initially causing him to procrastinate.
Giraud was grateful for Druillet pushing him as he found that he reveled in his first Hollywood experience. Despite Jodowowsky's project falling through, it had attracted the attention of other movie makers.
One of them was Ridley Scott who managed to reassemble a large part of Jodorowsky's original creative team, including Giraud, for his science fiction thriller Alien.
Hired as a concept artist, Giraud's stay on the movie lasted only a few days, as he had obligations elsewhere.
Nonetheless, his designs for the Nostromo crew attire, and their spacesuits in particular, were almost one-on-one adopted by Scott and appearing onscreen as designed,  resulting in what Giraud had coined "two weeks of work and ten years of fallout in media and advertising".
Scott was taken with Giraud's art, having cited "The Long Tomorrow" as an influence on his second major movie Blade Runner of see below , and invited him again for both this, and his subsequent third major movie Legend of , which Giraud had to decline in both cases for, again, obligations elsewhere.
He especially regretted not having been able to work on the latter movie, having deemed it "very good",  and it was still on his mind as late as , as he directly referred to the movie when he made his "unicorn" statement regarding his legacy, quoted below.
The heavily "Arzach"-inspired last, "Taarna", section of the movie, has led to the persistent misconception, especially held in the United States, that Giraud had provided characters and situations for the segment, albeit uncredited.
While not particularly pleased with the fact, Giraud was amused when third parties wanted to sue the Americans on his behalf.
Still, Alien led to two other movie assignments in , this time as both concept and storyboard artist. The first one concerned the Disney science fiction movie Tron , whose director Steven Lisberger specifically requested Giraud, after he had discovered his work in Heavy Metal magazine.
Outside his actual involvement with motion pictures, Giraud was in this period of time also occasionally commissioned to create poster art for, predominantly European, movies.
Slated for the production was Arnie Wong, whom Giraud had met during the production of Tron and, incidentally, one of the animators of the vaunted "Taarna" segment of the Heavy Metal movie  , and it was actually Disney whom Giraud offered the production first.
Disney, at the time not believing in the viability of such a production in animation, declined. Another member of the commune fronted some of the money for the project to proceed, and the production was moved to Wong's animation studio in Los Angeles.
Much to Giraud's disappointment and frustration though, the project eventually fell apart for several extraneous reasons, most notably for lack of funding, as related above by the artist.
Some of the concept art was reprinted in the art book "Made in L. Yet, despite this failure to launch, it did lead to his, what can be considered, "second Hollywood period" in his "American period".
Concurrent with his career as a comic artist in the United States, invitations followed to participate as concept artist on Masters of the Universe , Willow , The Abyss , and finally Yutaka Fujioka's Japanese animated feature film Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland , for which he was not only the conceptual designer, but also the story writer.
It was for this movie that Giraud resided in Japan for an extended period of time. His definitive return to France in marked the beginning of Giraud's third and last movie period.
Giraud made original character designs and did visual development for Warner Bros. The documentary made for this occasion was testament to the great friendship both men had for each other.
She started at the crack of dawn, and only went home in the evening, after the whole team had stopped working.
In his graphic novel short, "Cauchemar Blanc", was cinematized by Mathieu Kassovitz , winning Kassovitz but not Giraud two film awards. A series for French television broadcaster France 2 , it consisted of fourteen four minute long animated vignettes, based on Giraud's seminal character, for which he did the writing, drawings and co-production.
Young daughter Nausicaa had voice-over appearances in three of the episodes together with her father. Two previous attempts to bring Blueberry to the silver screen in the s had fallen through; American actor Martin Kove had actually already been signed to play the titular role for one of the attempts,  and who, as it turned out decades later, had even traveled to Europe to shoot some test-footage scenes from the comic series in this role in order to entice potential investors.
Convinced that the project was a viable one, Kove has revealed that he, together with the two Blueberry creators, put up his own money when the project was falling apart due to arguments about funding among the would-be producers.
Moebius Production served as a production company, with Isabelle Giraud serving as one of its producers.
Giraud's working methods were various and adaptable ranging from etchings, white and black illustrations, to work in colour of the ligne claire genre and water colours.
To distinguish between work by Giraud and Moebius, Giraud used a brush for his own work and a pen when he signed his work as Moebius.
Giraud was known for being an astonishingly fast draftsman. Aided with the use of mind-expanding substances in the first part of his career, Giraud had cultivated various New Age type philosophies throughout his career, such as Guy-Claude Burger's instinctotherapy, which influenced his creation of the comic book series Le Monde d'Edena.
Vision and style: In the documentary MetaMoebius he claims his different styles may stem from his short-sightedness.
When drawing without glasses he is more attuned to fine details but disconnected from the external world, but when drawing with glasses on he does not get into details but is more aware of the big picture.
He often starts with glasses on to have a global perspective then later continues without glasses. Giraud died in Paris, on 10 March , aged 73, after a long battle with cancer.
Many friends and representatives from the Franco-Belgian comic world and beyond attended the services, mirroring Giraud's entire career in the industry.
Throughout his entire career, Jean Giraud gave numerous interviews both in Europe as well as in the United States, but it is the series of interview sessions conducted by comics journalist Numa Sadoul that warrants special attention.
For editorial reasons, Sadoul omitted some of the outside testimonials from the second edition for his third. Posthumously published, the title was fully sanctioned and endorsed by Giraud's widow Isabelle who provided a foreword — praising Sadoul for his friendship and tenacity — family pictures, privately created art and additional details on her husband's last two years of his life and has therefore become the closest approximation of an "official biography" of the artist when discounting his own Inside Moebius autobiographical comic and his precursory text autobiography Histoire de mon double.
Giraud himself considered his "enhanced" autobiography on which he had worked for a year, a "funny" piece of work, conceding that accuracy was left to be desired as he could not be bothered to correct mistakes made therein, finding "flavor" in the small inaccuracies, and also admitting that he gave his work only a cursory glance afterwards.
Having kept more detailed records, the second edition took in total 19 hours and 45 minutes of interviews conducted between 18 and 21 October at the Sadoul's home in Cagnes-sur-Mer for which Giraud and his future wife Isabelle especially traveled from Paris , augmented with an additional two hours at Giraud's home in Paris on 17 August The third edition accounted for a further 10 hours and 48 minutes worth of interviews, conducted between 15 September and 28 December , either at Giraud's home in Paris or over the telephone.
Sadoul acknowledged that the three series of interview sessions were snapshots in time of Giraud's life and career, causing the artist to occasionally contradict himself in later life — something Giraud himself actually addressed in a humorous fashion in his Inside Moebius comics by regularly confronting his older self with his younger versions — , but chose not to redact or edit such earlier made statements at most adding short, clarifying editorial annotations , instead transcribing these exactly as made at the time.
Sadoul's reasoning was that by doing so, it reflected truthfully the spiritual development the artist had undergone throughout his career.
They said that I changed their life, 'You changed my life', 'Your work is why I became an artist'. Oh, it makes me happy.
But you know at same time I have an internal broom to clean it all up. It can be dangerous to believe it.
Someone wrote, 'Moebius is a legendary artist' I[t] put[s] a frame around me. A legend — now I am like a unicorn. Many artists from around the world have cited Giraud as an influence on their work.
Through Arzach , which dates from , I believe. I only read it in , and it was a big shock. Not only for me.
All manga authors were shaken by this work. Unfortunately, when I discovered it, I already had a consolidated style so I couldn't use its influence to enrich my drawing.
Even today, I think it has an awesome sense of space. I fell out of love with American comics, lost interest in the super-hero subject matter, was more interested in the fantasy I saw in the European art.
So it's entirely fair to say, and I've said it before, that the way Neuromancer-the-novel "looks" was influenced in large part by some of the artwork I saw in Heavy Metal.
I assume that this must also be true of John Carpenter's Escape from New York , Ridley Scott's Blade Runner , and all other artefacts of the style sometimes dubbed 'cyberpunk'.
Those French guys, they got their end in early. You see it everywhere, it runs through so much you can't get away from it.
He is a master draftsman, a superb artist, and more: his vision is original and strong. I wanted to make comics like that when I grew up.
He's a unique talent endowed with an extraordinary visionary imagination that's constantly renewed and never vulgar.
Moebius disturbs and consoles. He has the ability to transport us into unknown worlds where we encounter unsettling characters.
My admiration for him is total. I consider him a great artist, as great as Picasso and Matisse.Giraud furthermore greatly increased his already high level of detail by making extensive use of zipatone for the first jean girault. Disappointing sales of the European please click for source left the cycle uncompleted indefinitely. Ever since, Goscinny distrusted his co-workers, especially me, because I was the only representative of ich wurde vergewaltigt Pilote team, whose interests I represented. Besides raising their children, wife Claudine not only took care of here business aspects of her husband's art work, but has on occasion also contributed to it as colorist. EMP Museum empmuseum. She started at the crack of dawn, link only went home in the evening, after the whole team had stopped working. The first title was released in October Concurrently they had merged with Tundra Publishing in will new girl coach consider, explaining the Visions of Arzach anthology art book. All manga authors were shaken by this work.